Posts Tagged ‘Internet’

Week 1 Re-cap!

The Internet looks a lot like a galaxy!

This week I learned that the Internet and the World Wide Web are two DIFFERENT things

– The Internet is a series of networks or network of networks

– The World Wide Web is a system of interlinked hypertext documents

I also found out there is a World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), which is a non-profit organization. It’s sort of like a manual for the Internet. (www.w3.org)

I’ve also learned there are four things you need to see a webpage on your computer.

1) HTML Document

2) Web Browser

3) Web Server

4) Internet ISP

The eight commandments of naming

1) Use no spaces in file names

2) Use underscores of hyphens for adding spaces between words

3) Use short file names that have meaning

4) Lower case only

5) All file names must end in dor, three-letter extension (ex – gif, doc, mov)

6) Use alphanumeric characters only

7) Avoid special characters

8) Use either .html or .htm for web pages but only use one within a single site

XHTML/HTML

You should always use a text editor and not a word processor because a word processor formats text. So when you save it, it saves the formatting information, which you don’t want.

HTML – HyperText Markup Language

– Based upon SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language)

– HTML 4 grew from need of presentation

XHTML – eXtensible HyperText Markup Language

– Not actually extensible

– HTML with stricter rules

Why favor XHTML over HTML?

– HTML is forgiving of sloppiness

– XHTML requires strict usage

– Stricter usage = better interoperability  = websites work better on more devices

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